Welcome to the Official website of Kuttanad Package

Kuttanad region and its community were facing severe agrarian distress for the last 5 decades owing to a variety of factors.  Based on the request of the Govt. of Kerala to address the perennial problems faced in Kuttanad, the Union Govt. entrusted the Dr. M.S. Swaminathan Research Foundation, Chennai to conduct a scientific study of the region and suggest suitable measures to mitigate agrarian distress in Kuttanad.  The MSSRF recommended a variety of interventions to be implemented as a Package with a total cost outlay of Rs. 1,840 crore which was accepted by the Govt. of India for funding under ongoing Central Sector Schemes. Detailed Project Reports (DPRs) prepared by the State Govt. for different activities envisaged in the Package are under different stages of implementation.

Latest Happenings

LAST UPDATED ON 22/08/2016

  • Silo storage system in modern rice mill of Oil Palm India Ltd at Vechoor Kottayam was inaugurated by the Hon'ble CM on 1/2/2016 5 Pm at Vechoor funded under 13th FCA for Kuttanad Development
  • The 9th Prosperity Council Meeting chaired by the Hon'ble Chief Minister to review the works under Kuttanad Package held on 7/10/2014, 11.30 am at Thiruvananthapuram
  • The Hon'ble Chief Minister inaugurated the launch of construction works of Thanneermukkom Barrage and renovation of  existing shutters on 16/9/2014 at Alappuzha.

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You are here:   Home Kerala at a Glance

Elephant ( Elephas maximus indicus)

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elephantThe state animal of Kerala is Asian Elephant (also known as the Indian Elephant) is a huge land animal that lives in India , Malaysia , Sumatra , and Sri Lanka . This elephant is used extensively for labor; very few are left in the wild. Their life span is up to 70 years. There are three living species: the African Bush Elephant, the African Forest Elephant (until recently known collectively as the African Elephant), and the Asian Elephant (also known as the Indian Elephant). Elephants are mammals, and the largest land animals alive today. The elephant's gestation period is 22 months, the longest of any land animal. The African and Asian elephants are separate species. African elephants, at up to 4 m (13 ft 1 in)tall and weighing 7500 kg (8.27 short tons), are usually larger than the Asian species and they have bigger ears. Both male and female African elephants have long tusks, while their Asian counterparts have shorter ones, with those of females vanishingly small. African elephants have a dipped back, smooth forehead and two "fingers" at the tip of their trunks, whereas the Asian have an arched back, two humps on the forehead and only one "finger" at the tip of their trunks. The Asian elephants' decline has possibly been more gradual with the causes primarily being poaching and habitat destruction by human encroachment.

There are several subspecies of Elephas maximus and some have been identified only using molecular markers. The first subspecies is the Sri Lankan Elephant (Elephas maximus maximus). Found only on the island of Sri Lanka , it is the largest of the Asians. Another subspecies, the Indian Elephant (Elephas maximus indicus) makes up the bulk of the Asian elephant population. Numbering approximately 36,000, these elephants are lighter grey in colour, with depigmentation only on the ears and trunk. The smallest of all the elephants is the Sumatran Elephant (Elephas maximus sumatranus). Population estimates for this group range from 2,100 to 3,000 individuals. It is very light grey and has less depigmentation than the other Asians, with pink spots only on the ears. In 2003 a further subspecies was identified on Borneo . Named the Borneo pygmy elephant, it is smaller and tamer than other Asian elephants. It also has relatively larger ears, longer tail and straighter tusks.

Elephants are herbivores, spending 16 hours a day collecting plant food. Their diet is at least 50% grasses, supplemented with leaves, bamboo, twigs, bark, roots, and small amounts of fruits, seeds and flowers. Because elephants only digest 40% of what they eat, they have to make up for their digestive system's lack of efficiency in volume. An adult elephant can consume 140-270 kg (300–600 lb) of food a day. 60% of that food leaves the elephant'sbody undigested.